National Institute of Safety And Security (NISAS)

Maintaining a sufficient number of highly skilled professionals, with appropriate academic qualifications and adequate experience, for regulatory supervision is of prime importance for regulatory bodies. This requires availability of a sustainable education and training program to build capacity of the regulatory staff through in-house training and retraining.

PNRA adapted a proactive approach since its inception and started conducting in-house professional training courses in the area of nuclear safety, radiation safety, radiation protection, regulatory control and nuclear security. Later, PNRA initiated two Public Sector Development Programme (PSDP) projects for the capacity building of PNRA staff and stakeholders and established two training centers namely School for Nuclear and Radiation Safety (SNRS) and Nuclear Security Training Center (NSTC). The objective was to develop appropriate training infrastructure including classrooms and laboratories for a sustainable training program in the area of nuclear safety and nuclear security.

These centers arranged a number of training courses independently in areas under their purview for around seven years till the completion of the projects. However, with a view to bring the training activities under one roof, PNRA merged SNRS and NSTC and established the National Institute of Safety and Security (NISAS).

The new institute will continue imparting training, knowledge and skills to newly recruited officers as well as arrange refresher courses for the existing staff. NISAS also arranges training for participants of other organizations who have a role in maintaining nuclear safety and security in the country and whose professional training, is therefore, important. All modern gadgets & equipments are available in the classrooms & laboratories of NISAS.

Soft Panel Training Simulator

NISAS is equipped with a limited scope Soft Panel Training Simulator, intended for training of technical officers who are involved in review & assessment, inspection and enforcement activities of NPPs as well as those officers who are engaged in safety research and development activities. The Soft Panel Training Simulator covers the plant operation from cold shutdown to full power and full power to cold shutdown during normal operation and it also covers the abnormal operating events and accident conditions.

NPP Major Equipment Model Lab

Availability of a lab of cut-away models of main components of PWR Nuclear Power Plant at reduced scale is another powerful tool of NISAS. These models are used for demonstration of internal structures, working principles and functions of various NPP equipments.

NISAS has developed virtual Models of major equipments and systems of NPP. These computational models are considered to be the most attractive part of NISAS for training since these shows each and every part of a component and how these are assembled and thus enables in-depth knowledge and understanding of the participants. Virtual 3D models of assemblies, parts, cross sections, cladding, assemblies and animations of NPP components are available for training and better understanding of systems.

Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) Lab

A Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) Lab is established at NISAS for familiarizing PNRA Inspectors with the basic knowledge of NDT and In Service Inspection. The Lab is equipped with a number of equipments used for Ultrasonic Testing, Eddy Current Testing, Ultrasonic Thickness Measurement, Eddy Current Coating Thickness Measurement, Replica/ In Situ Metallography, Replica Metallography, Liquid Penetrant Testing and Hardness Testing etc. Hand on experience on these methods is provided to the participants.

Access Control System (ACS) Lab

This lab has a range of access control systems installed on wall mounted panels; each panel is installed with a reader, occupancy sensor, camera, push button and a miniature door with magnetic lock & sensor. Different readers have been installed like RF card plus pin reader, scrambled pad, finger print plus pin reader and, magnetic card plus pin reader.

In addition, the lab has few stand-alone access control systems such as face recognition system, hand geometry reader, iris recognition system, full & half height turnstile and X-ray Package scanner.

Intrusion Detection System (IDS) Lab

Intrusion detection lab at NISAS contains a range of interior intrusion detection sensors installed on wall mounted panels in order to demonstrate detection of intruders to secured premises. In addition, some sensors are installed at other locations like ceiling, glass windows and walls. The lab also possesses some sensors used at exterior applications such as fence associated sensors and the free standing sensors. These can be used for demonstration as well as practical work. These systems are generally used in residential, commercial, industrial, and military properties for protection against theft or damage.

CCTV System & Mock up Model Lab

The lab is equipped with CCTV display monitors, storage server and other accessories. A number of cameras are installed in the corridors, hallways and entrances to keep track of persons entering the labs area from outside. The lab also has a camera with built-in IR illuminator, a dome camera and the security lighting units triggered with PIR sensor to augment the recording by cameras.

The lab has a mock-up model which shows different security zones of a hypothetical Nuclear Power plant. The purpose of the model is to give the course participants a flavor of different areas of NPP with regards to security. The whole facility is divided into off site area, Limited area, protected area and vital area. Different gadgets with regards to regulatory requirements are installed with each area.

Radiation Detection Equipment Lab

The purpose of radiation detection equipment lab is to improve the detection, analysis and training techniques through a systematic approach by providing hands-on training to stakeholders on the use of radiation detection equipment and analysis techniques. The equipment available at lab has the capacity and capability to search, detect, identify & analyze spectra of different nuclear and other radioactive materials.

The lab is equipped with basic and advance level equipments such as; Personal Radiation Detectors (PRDs), Radionuclide Identification Devices (RIDs), Backpack Systems, Electrical & Gas cooled HP-GE Detectors, Survey meters with all necessary probes, Neutron Search Devices, Training Radiation Portal Monitors (TRPM) , Electronic Pocket Dosimeters, Contamination Monitors, Spectrometers.